The quest for more living space these days means making more efficient use of the sites available space in which to extend or develop. This invariably means building right up to the properties boundary line in many disputes that occur between landlords and tenants fall into one of two categories. On the one hand, we have fabricated squabbles between “con-artist tenants” and/or “rogue landlords”; on the other are legitimate disputes between two honest me tell you one thing that the land disputes are the biggest threat for your peaceful life. One such problem is the landlord tenant factor. Let me tell you one thing that the landlord can question tenant and the tenant can also question landlord. But the winner will be only is also useful in resolving any disputes you may have with contractors or vendors. Before hiring be sure to have a copy of the liability and workmen’s compensation insurance policy’s verified. There are limitations to small claims court. Although you do not need a lawyer there are limits to the dollar amount of the claim.While all these factors may point to an abandoned rental property, landlords need to know their local rental codes before attempting to reclaim the property. Some states have particular laws and procedures for determining the abandonment of a rental talking about saving on property taxes, you can’t have a general advice as rules and regulations differ in different countries. However, by reading and understanding your local laws (especially the valuation method) you can save a considerable a copy of their license and be sure to have a copy of there general liability insurance and workmen’s compensation on file. Pay attention to dates and be sure the license and insurances are current. REMEMBER if the contractor is not insured then you are the insurer.Remember that it’s the Building Contractor (not the Owner or the Architect) who represent themselves as the expert on erecting buildings. Therefore it’s never a good idea to tell the Building Contractor how to build the building instead we instruct the builder as to the desired result to be achieved, not how to achieve it.Using a small earnest money deposit is another way to protect yourself. If you have little earnest money at stake, you have little money you can lose if you default on the government stringent regulations or rules and laws dictate strict building tolerance levels. For example, what should be the distance between a well and the septic tank system, where the decks and extensions have to end, then where the utilities such as sewer pipes, water supply and electrical conduits to be an agreement involves complicated legal language, you may want to hire India Legal services to have all the provisions reviewed before you sign. Insist on receiving a copy of the signed one party ‘takes it upon themselves’ to prepare the real estate contract, it is very likely that they will strongly bias it in their own favour – to your detriment. Of course, there are instances when your transaction is only one of many the other party handles.
An excellent and easy to understand example of this strategy is cited by Davenport and Harris in their book, Competing on Analytics.
The cited case study is Netflix. The very nature of Netflix’s business requires them to track customer rental habits and it should come as no surprise that they use that data to drive business decisions. One aspect of their business is distribution rights for DVDs.
A very basic decision in this part of their business is the appropriate volume of DVDs to purchase in order to distribute a given film. If they order too many copies of a film with very little interest among their customer base, the distribution obviously will not be profitable. If they do not order enough, they will not be able to meet the demand, fracturing their sales model, which is to say customers will stop subscribing. Netflix promises their customers they will receive their DVD order in about one business day and there is no contract; cancel at anytime.
Given their business model, it is critical that they use analytics to optimize their distribution decisions. In this example the company bought the rights to Favela Rising, which is a movie about musicians living in the slums of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Because they pay attention to analytics, Executives knew that roughly one million customers had ordered the 2003 movie, City of God, which is a drama is also set in the slums of Rio. They also knew that about 500,000 customers rented a similar documentary about slum-life in India called Born into Brothels, and that 250,000 customers ordered both films. Executives therefore reasoned that an order for 250,000 was a sound decision.
This is an example of how analytics, which track customer behavior, can be used to minimize investment and maximize return. As important as it is, this is only one of many aspects of your business. Financial, R&D and even human resources analytics are also critical to making sound business decisions. One aspect of your business that you might have overlooked in the context of analytical assessment is your patent information and that of your competitors.
The system that Luhn described also embraced the concept of collaboration. It is not enough to simply ask these questions and to probe the situation to make sure they are thoroughly answered. You need systems to ensure that the information discovered regarding what is known and who knows what are delivered to those who need to know. Patent Management plays a crucial role in this. It is important to note, though, that care must be taken when trying to understand the who in who needs to know.
Some data may seem more applicable to one or just a few members of the team, and as a result, data sharing may occur only among those team members rather than the entire team, a fact that can unnecessarily limit your analytics. Just because it might not seem applicable to everyone, doesn’t mean that the larger research effort will not be served by giving everyone access to it.
There are chances of the breach of the existing rules & regulation and legal acts of a country by any individual in the serious condition of risks and threats. This is due to the high rise of competitions in the market. People have got the temperament to earn the possible profits or gains by unfair acts. They don’t mind to adopt any illegal or unlawful practice to get the profits. This practice is profusely taken up by almost every corporate or firm of different sector. Same has been the condition in all the major sectors, where product ,service ,creative designs and brands have the threat from the other smaller or multiple entrepreneurs who have the tremendous attempts to break the copyright or trade mark to get smaller gains by circulating the infringe or fake products. To avoid all such possibility of use of counterfeits and to secure the copyrights, trademark and patents, Government all across the globe has been united to combat with these problems and they have brought out certain IPR rules to handle the problems of IPR violations and these rules have the enough strength to deal with the network of such groups and firms who are openly carry out the IPR violating activities through out world.
What are the IPR laws?
The main objective of the Intellectual property decree is to encourage and develop the limited rights for the discovery of the invention and creative work to the society for mutual benefits and incentives of the copyright owner. The main objectives of these rules are to deal and manage the intellectual property, trademark, patent, copyright and trade secrets .This also deals with the protection of Intellectual property rights and legal actions against those who violates the rights to intellectual properties. These rules cover the other area which relates to the copyright, patent, trademark & litigation, tort and contract acts.
IP acts consist of common and statute ruling to cover the wider range of the IP activities. Common law has been established to cover the legal actions in the contract, tort acts and protect the IP right. Similarly statute laws rule the activities of copyright, patent and trade secret. Such creative and innovative works are protected by the statute copyrights. Protected intellectual property of commercial values often falls in the category of the trademark, patent and trade secrets.
Patent decree is a very vast and complicated area where specialized attorney have the extra education to know the patent rules and handle the case of patents to specialize themselves in the field of IP regulation. To deal with the international threat , IP laws and rights at the international level are governing to have unique cooperation among countries to protect the innovative and creative works. There are the existing international regulations to deal and protect the Intellectual property all across the world. There are international agencies to govern the IP rules; these are American intellectual property acts association (AIPLA), Intellectual property law servers, USPTO (United States Patent and Trademark Office), USTR (United States Trade Representative), and USDOJ (Unites stated department of justice) which are internationally active to deal with the problems of intellectual property all across the nations.
Benefits of IPR laws
IPR acts are aimed at facilitating the creation and innovation of the new invention which is derived from the public financial support and secure the knowledge in the form of intellectual rights. These rules provide the clear guidance to manage the intellectual property to ensure the financial intellectual property. These rules provide an environment for intellectual property for protection, management creation and commercialization. These are extended to provide the protection and safety to the IP works which inspires the IP owners to do more creative works and get huge profits and incentives to the IP owner. When there will be more patents and creative works that will help economy of the country to develop and it’s a great contributor in the development and growth of the economy of the country. Intellectual property right laws are beneficial in strengthening the socio economic power of the country.
This shows that the IPR laws are beneficial in inspiring the IP owners to do more creative works which assist in building in socio-economic power to country.
A number of distinct types of creations of the mind for which a set of exclusive rights are recognized is referred as Intellectual Property. Owners are granted certain exclusive rights to a variety of intangible assets such as literary, musical, discoveries and inventions, words, discoveries and inventions, phrases, symbols and designs. Industrial design patents, trademarks, copyrights and trade secrets in some jurisdictions are common types of intellectual property.
Consequently, intellectual property law deals with intangible forms of property such as literary, musical and artistic creations. Certain legal rights through patents, trademarks and copyrights are endowed to individuals who create intellectual property. Intellectual property as can be applied at the state and federal levels in the United States. Lawyers are registered as patent or intellectual law attorneys when they are working in the field of intellectual property law.
Intellectual property permits inventors to control and profit from their innovations. Individuals who claim that their intellectual rights have been infringed upon can legally demand to receive monetary compensation for their losses.
On the other hand, there has been criticism in the historical growth and complexity of intellectual property laws. In fact, the battle over exclusive rights can be extreme when it comes to claiming intangible property rights as suggested by William W. Fisher, a professor of Law at Harvard University. He notes how a group of intellectual property lawyers are demanding patents for “athletic move.”
At Solicitors Brighton, the four main ways in which intellectual property can be protected are trademarks, patents and design rights, registered designs and copyrights. Intellectual property solicitors in Brighton ensure that the intangible private property rights of a person or a client are legally regulated. Property rights are regulated through copyright law, patent law and trademarks which depend upon the type of information.
To be able to indicate the source of a product and differentiate manufactures, symbols such as trademarks are being used. The reproduction of a product by other manufacturers for limited periods of times is referred to as patents. Patent Law is applied not only in the United States but the whole world as well. While a copyright is a legal designation and it indicates original work of authorship.
Most people dealing with Intellectual Property (‘IP’) law will need expert help and advice. This is because IP is a complex and difficult area of the law that solicitors do train to become specialists in. This article contains some examples of frequently asked questions surrounding IP law:
Why do people use a specialist intellectual property lawyer?
The reason why so many people seek the advice and assistance of a specialist intellectual property lawyer is because they are experts in this complex area of the law. When you have created something unique and special such as a work of art, writing or recording, an invention, or a design, you want to ensure that it is properly protected and this is where getting the right intellectual property advice, at an early stage, from these legal experts can prove to be invaluable.
Why protect my ideas and work?
When you have spent time and effort on an idea or creation the last thing you want is for someone else to come along and reap the benefits. Your idea or work could be very valuable to you both in terms of sentiment and monetary value but without the proper protection in place someone else could come along and easily pull the rug from under you leaving you with a product, creation, or idea that is no longer unique and is devalued. With the proper legal protection you can ensure that this does not happen and if anyone attempts it you will have the framework in place to take appropriate action.
If I come up with an idea for the company I work for, who owns the intellectual property rights?
If the idea you came up with was as part of your duties at work the rights will usually lie with the company. However, sometimes this can be a grey area and will depend on a number of factors such as whether you developed the idea in work time, using work equipment, following discussion with your manager, etc. If you are not sure about who owns the IP rights you should speak to your intellectual property lawyer who will assess the factors to determine whether the rights lie with you or the company that you work for.
What do I do if I find out someone is using my work without my permission?
If someone is infringing on your IP rights then you should speak to a lawyer as soon as possible. You have two options – you can either take action to stop them from using your work altogether or you can decide whether you want to allow them to continue using it with your permission and on your terms. If you decide to take action you may be able to settle out of court.
The term Intellectual Property (often known as IP) refers to a set of rights which are legally earnt by someone or an organization creating something of their own.
It can be an invention, process, service, goods or artistic or literary or musical works. By enjoying IP rights no-one else is allowed to reproduce or commercially exploit the item without the express permission of the rights holder.
Intellectual property also applies to the name and logo of company and/or its products. This is especially important as the public tend to identify with company brands and logos and the specific names of products. If these were copied by rivals this could mean a huge loss of revenue to the IP rights holder.
The best way to protect your IP rights is to consult with specialist intellectual property lawyers will be skilled in what is a very complex area of law. They will be able to provide the right intellectual property advice on the various types of IP rights protection available. Your chosen lawyer should be able to provide you with specialist intellectual property advice on a range of IP issues including management of the your intellectual property, engagement in any negotiations of IP agreements, assistance with the licensing and franchising of the IP, registration of the relevant trademarks and representation when and if your IP rights are infringed.
There is no obligation for anyone to seek intellectual property advice, but by consulting with specialist intellectual property lawyers, you will have the advantage of knowing you have access to experts.
It is also important to realise that intellectual property, just like physical property, does have monetary value. The products or services resulting from that IP can be commercially exploited. The advantage of seeking intellectual property advice is that no-one else has the right to exploit it. If those rights are infringed your intellectual property lawyers will be able to initiate action and take the matter through the courts if it proves strictly necessary.
The lawyers providing specialist intellectual property advice can also aid the client in exploiting the potential of his IP. While IP rights does prevent others from producing or selling a particular product or service it is allowed if the rights holder gives express permission through a license. And this can be financially advantageous as the rights holder receives fees for the license. Your intellectual property lawyers will be able to draw up the terms of the license agreement.
There is a new litigation trend brewing on the horizon: false marking. Much like the increase in litigation in early 2000 from patent trolls, this is now a new source that’s driving increases in litigation. Because of a recent court decision, it is extremely profitable to sue companies who have falsely marked products as patented.
For operating companies, this has serious implications for product projection strategies, maintenance decisions, and product management.
U.S. Patent Law explicitly permits marking products to indicate they are in some way protected by a patent i.e. Patent Protection. There are a number of reasons a company might decide to expend the effort of marking a product to indicate a patented technology, process, or material was used in producing it. It might be determined, for example, that as a marketing tactic, the mark provides a competitive advantage by causing the perception that the product is superior.
Another obvious reason to mark a product is that it puts your competitors on notice that they are barred from copying anything unique about your product without your written permission. A careful reading of the statute (35 U.S.C. Section 271), however, reveals something that might not be quite so obvious initially.
The statute also explicitly prevents a patent holder from being awarded compensatory damages if the product is not marked and someone infringes on the patent. The functional effect is that your product should be marked for business reasons that go beyond a simple marketing tactic. In the event you discover patent infringement of one of your products, you are limited to collecting damages only after the competitor was put on notice. Those facts by themselves seem relatively simple to understand�but they are complicated by another section of the law known as False Marking. USC 35 Section 292 makes it unlawful to mark a product as being protected by a patent if it is not.
The law has also recently been interpreted in such a way as to make it a very expensive violation. At one time the law was interpreted on a per product basis; it was a single violation to distribute any number of the same product with a false mark. The law limits the fine to $500.00 per violation, which is not a significant incentive to a large company and, consequently, they tended to ignore the legally required due diligence. On December 28, 2009, however, a U.S. appellate court for the Federal Circuit held that fines should be imposed on a per article basis, $500 for each item shipped. With this latest ruling, due diligence is no longer a luxury; it’s an absolute necessity.